Sometimes you pay Reverse Charge in D365
Under the “reverse charge system” it is the company receiving the service that is liable to pay the VAT, and not the company providing the service. Normally, the net amount of VAT to pay is offset by the same amount of the receivable VAT, and the tax burden remains 0. But not always: sometimes the tax office wins. These are 2 common cases:
- A service was provided by an EU entrepreneur who had no EU VAT number. The invoice was VAT excluded, but I had to calculate the VAT payable (reporting code 1157 „Steuerschuldübergang bei Bezug gemäß § 19 Abs. 1 zweiter Satz, § 19 Abs. 1c“ in Austria, code 47 „Steuer, im Inland steuerpflichtige sonstige Leistung eines EU Unternehmers § 13b Abs. 1 UStG“ in Germany), while the VAT receivable was nil (otherwise reported as 1166 „Vorsteuer: Steuerschuldübergang gemäß §19, grenzüberschreitende Leistungen“ in Austria or code 67 „Vorsteuer aus Umsätzen nach §13b Abs. 2 Nr. 11“ in Germany).
- In the case of the self-billing (Gutschriftverfahren) a foreign agency may pay money to an entrepreneur by issuing an invoice on her/his behalf. If the entrepreneur does not have a VAT registration, or it is a small business, the VAT receivable cannot be recognised and the entrepreneur becomes liable for tax. If you register the agency as a customer it is a no-brainer, but the problem is in the non-continuous invoice number issued by the agency.
Solution in Dynamics 365 for Finance
Blog series on VAT in the EU